U.S. Ambassadors to Russia
Charles E. Bohlen (1953-1957)
Charles Eustis ("Chip") Bohlen was born in Clayton, New York, and joined the Foreign Service in 1929. He was among the first American diplomats in Moscow in 1933 after the establishment of diplomatic relations with the USSR. As a specialist in Soviet affairs, he was Russian interpreter for President Roosevelt at the Teheran and Yalta conferences, and for President Truman at Potsdam. He was named Ambassador to Moscow by President Dwight Eisenhower, and arrived soon after Stalin's death. As a result of policy differences with Secretary of State John F. Dulles, he was transferred to the Philippines as Ambassador in 1957. In October 1962, he served briefly a member of President John F. Kennedy's Executive Committee (ExComm) during the Cuban Missile Crisis. He later became U.S. Ambassador to France. Bohlen was present in Moscow at the time of the denunciation of Stalin's "cult of personality" by Khrushchev, and Soviet invasion of Hungary.